A Sailor’s Guide to Different Types of Anchors
When you are looking to acquire a new anchor system for your boat, you must understand your decision will be affected by a myriad of factors including the conditions you are boating in discussed on this website. When it comes to deciding between the different types of anchors, you should include the composition of the seafloor in your decision making if you want to get it right. Every sailor understands the importance of having an anchor aboard before setting out for the sea, but it is preferable to have at least two for aboard so you can set up when needed. Below is a guide on the different types of anchors you should know more about.
For someone who is going sailing for the first time or looking for something that is easy to handle and store, the flat shape of the fluke makes it the most suitable for you. If you are choosing an anchor based on the composition of the seafloor, these types of anchors are the ideal choices in muddy and sandy conditions but not ideal for other bottom types.
Apart from fluke, you will come across wing anchors which are the preferred choice for most people thanks to their all-round option; this is the most used type of anchor and the standard choice for most manufacturers and suitable for all conditions unless you are heading to rocky area. Aside from the wing anchors, you will also come across plow anchors which are like the wing, except for the added ability to swivel, making it suitable for a sailor expecting to shift tides or winds while at sea but it comes with the disadvantage of being heavy, difficulty to maneuver, and store.
The claw is another type of anchor but it is suitable when you are expecting to anchor over a rock although you will require a heavier weight due to its low power. Most of the boats anchoring for several weeks or months usually use mushroom anchors which are specially designed for that; they are only meant for long-term anchoring unless you making a quick stop like fishing or going for lunch.
Now that you know some of the different types of boat anchors, you should know how to choose the right one based on the weight and the pulling power required by your boat. Galvanized steel, stainless steel, and aluminum are some of the most common manufacturing materials for boat anchors, but due to their demerits, you should aim to find an affordable, corrosion-resistant and strong enough to provide the holding power required by your boat. These are the different types of anchors and the factors to consider when selecting a new one for your boat.
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